The Mountain Pride in the north was seen on almost a daily basis this month, with most of the lionesses pregnant or already with cubs. Because of this they were not really moving great distances from their den sites, which we believe are along the Xhikelenegane drainage line. The Northern Males have established themselves as the dominant lions of the pride, and with possibilities of mating and potential free meals they are staying close to the pride’s lionesses. Sightings of mating lions and the fighting battles for females were not in short supply, all to determine dominance. The confrontations are usually short bursts of aggression seldom ending with any serious injuries between the brothers. Although vicious it is very necessary to determine who the dominant one is at the time, and it is not always the same male adding genetic variation in a territory. To date we know of at least six cubs, two litters of three with the smallest ones now being just over two months old.