A four-legged “formidable force” at Singita Sabi Sand
A short drive from Singita Boulders Lodge in the Sabi Sand Reserve, a humble collection of farmhouses and large fenced enclosures forms the frontline of Singita’s impressive anti-poaching efforts in this conservancy bordering the famed Kruger National Park.
Rhino poaching has become one of the most pressing conservation issues of the century, and in 2012 Singita took the bold step of employing a highly-skilled team of dog-handlers to ramp up anti-poaching patrols on Singita’s 45 000 acre concession within the Reserve. Patrols are conducted 24 hours per day throughout the year, come rain or shine.
“We are unique in that we use different breeds of dogs for different purposes,” explains Conraad de Rosner, Director of K9 Conservation, which runs the anti-poaching unit (APU). “Belgian Shepherds are well-adapted to the warm climate of the Sabi Sand and are used primarily for tracking suspects and firearms, which becomes critical if you want to link a poacher to a weapon that’s been discarded.”
Also in the kennels are sharp-nosed Weimaraners, a hunting dog used in Germany for centuries to track boar and elk. In the Sabi Sand Reserve, it’s the scent of elephant and rhino that their noses are keenly attuned to.
While the dogs are an intimidating presence, the focus is firmly on avoiding any physical conflict with poachers, says Conraad: “We don’t want our dogs to get injured. It takes years of training to get each dog to the level we require, and while engaging suspected poachers is part of the training we rather place the emphasis on searching for and identifying suspects out in the bush.”
On patrol in the lush Sabi Sand bushveld, encountering armed poachers isn’t the only danger the team needs to watch out for. While interactions with wildlife are rare, “things can happen and there was once incident where we lost a dog,” explains Conraad. “It was an elderly lioness unable to hunt effectively, and she snatched the dog from right near the handler. But generally, if we hear lions calling we avoid the area.”
Aside from the highly trained dogs, key to the success of the anti-poaching efforts is keeping the team’s strategy under wraps.
“Everything’s fluid, there’s no procedure that’s set in stone. We never tell anybody when we do shift changes or move people around,” says Conraad. “We proactively patrol 24/7, covering as much ground as we can. We usually deploy a vehicle to an area, but we also patrol on foot. We also have teams that will camp out in the field for a week or two at a time. They go out with their dogs, their food, tents, water… everything they need for their deployment.”
The teams are well equipped too. Bulletproof vests are standard-issue for both human and canine patrollers, while night vision goggles and thermal cameras help to track poachers in the inky black of a bushveld night.
“But we’re not a happy-go-lucky outfit,” Conraad is quick to point out. “We’re highly-trained, professional and we always act within the law. But we do our job very effectively and we’re a formidable force. And the poachers know it.”
That same professionalism is applied to the use of dogs, he explains: “These are patrol dogs trained to search for and apprehend a suspect, but the dog is never released unless there’s a very serious situation. The dogs are aggressive, and if it gets to the level where we’ll need to release a dog it’s because we’ll be acting in self-defence.”
Conraad and his team also work closely with the South African Police Service and specialised Organised Crime Units dedicated to the fight against poaching in the region. There is also broad co-operation with anti-poaching units operating on neighbouring concessions within the larger Sabi Sand Reserve.
“We have a good working relationship with the other units, but we all choose to work completely independently within our own concessions. Because we work independently we don’t know where they are operating and patrolling and they don’t know where we are… and more importantly, neither do the poachers.”
And the results speak for themselves. In 2014 alone poachers in South Africa killed more than 1200 rhinoceros: one rhino every eight hours. In contrast, on Singita’s Sabi Sand concession watched over by Conraad and his team of dogs and handlers, in two years just a single rhino was lost.
As the sun sets another team is deployed for the night. With any luck it will be a quiet night and the poachers will have given Singita Sabi Sand a wide berth.